Pine Bark Extract

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It is no secret that herbs and spices have been used for thousands of years not only for flavoring food but also for medicinal and therapeutic purposes.1 Pine bark extract is one such naturally occurring supplement that offers a myriad of benefits to users. Let's take a closer look at the benefits of pine bark extract.

What is Pine Bark Extract?

Pine bark extract originates from Pinus pinaster tree, which is a maritime pine that originates from the Mediterranean. The two main active ingredients2 of pine bark extract are procyanidins and phenolic acids. It is a known antioxidant, increases NO production and inhibits the production of adhesion proteins. Since its discovery in the 1500s much research has been conducted to determine its health benefits.

Benefits of Pine Bark Extract

Osteoarthritis Treatments

According to the Arthritis Foundation3, osteoarthritis affects 27 million Americans. This condition causes pain in the affected joints, mild swelling, and reduced range of motion. One study looked at the effects of pine bark extract on osteoarthritis. The results showed that pine bark extract is beneficial to those with osteoarthritis because of its anti-inflammatory properties.4

Maintain Healthy Skin

The importance of skin care is gaining more and more awareness. Studies show that pine park extract offers anti-aging benefits for your skin. These benefits include photoprotection, reduction in hyperpigmentation and improving the barrier function of the skin.5

Treat Kidney Damage

Research has been conducted on pine bark extract, and its effects on kidney damage. One study suggests that it can be effective against oxidative stress-mediated apoptotic changes.6 The study concluded that these results are likely due to an increase in antioxidant enzymes as well as lipid peroxidation inhibition.

Cardiovascular Health

Pine bark has been shown to benefit cardiovascular health. Cardiovascular diseases include conditions which restrict blood flow in the blood vessels. This can lead to a heart attack or stroke. One study7 showed that pine bark extract may prevent the progression of atherosclerosis.

Slow the Progression of Lung Disease

COPD is a chronic lung disease that makes it difficult to breathe. There is no known treatment for COPD. Studies8 show that pine bark extract can effectively slow the progression of COPD.

Effective Migraine Treatment

Migraines are severe headaches that are most common include sensitivity to both sight and sound. For those who suffer from chronic migraines, it can affect their day to day life. Studies9 show that pine bark extract can reduce both the frequency and severity of migraines.

Maintain Muscle Mass

The loss of muscle mass is natural in aging individuals. One study10 shows that pine bark extract is effective at regulating the component that is responsible for inhibiting loss of muscle mass, the heat shock protein beta-1. Its ability to do so is attributed to pine bark extract's antioxidant properties.

How to Use Pine Bark Extract

Pine bark extract is most commonly used as an oral dietary supplement. It is not naturally found in food products but studies show that it is safe to incorporate into foods. Pine bark extract is also used by some as a skin cream for its anti-aging benefits.

Recommended Daily Allowance

Proanthocyanidins are the constituents in pine bark extract. Studies show that they even though toxicological data is limited, there haven't been any serious negative side effects recorded. Mild possible side effects2 reported include low energy and irritability. This same study suggests that pine bark extract is safe to use in food products.

Pine bark extract is not regulated by the FDA and therefore there aren't recommended daily allowances established. You should always follow the manufacturer's directions when taking any supplements and consult with your medical doctor to ensure that the supplement will not interfere with current medications.

Foods That Contain Pine Bark Extract

Pine bark extract is not naturally found in food sources, although it may be incorporated into foods. For those looking to reap the benefits of pine bark extract, it is most commonly consumed as a dietary supplement.

Is Pine Bark Extract Healthy?

Conventional modern medicines have certainly increased the quality of life for those who suffer from chronic health conditions. However, the use of natural supplements to use in conjunction with conventional medicines and as preventatives to certain diseases is becoming increasingly popular. Many do not realize that mother nature has given us a wide array of natural remedies for many health conditions such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, pulmonary conditions and osteoarthritis, just to name a few. Pine bark extract is popular as a dietary supplement for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Individuals with chronic conditions such as COPD, osteoarthritis, kidney damage and migraines can benefit from the health benefits that pine bark extract offers.

Pine Bark Supplementation With Redwood

There are always certain instances where diet is not going to give you everything you need. There's no need to worry if your diet does not provide the necessary amount of pine bark extract. Oral supplements are available for those who want to make sure they are consuming enough in their daily diet.

Redwood is a powerful, all-natural supplement that contains clinically-proven dosages of vitamin C, garlic powder, pine bark extract and other herbs and nutrients. Redwood is specially designed nitric oxide booster that optimizes blood flow quickly and efficiently. Learn more about Redwood and UMZU's line of natural supplements by visiting our online showroom.

With crazy, busy schedules it is easy to be tempted by fast food, processed food, and an abundance of poor eating choices. With obesity and bad eating habits on the rise, it's more important now than ever to pay attention to what you put in your body. Your health is one of the most important investments you can make. After all, you will need it for years to come! Take care to make sure you are receiving adequate amounts of both macronutrients and micronutrients, as well as engaging in healthy exercise. Begin your journey to a healthier you today!

Citations and Sources

1.
Iravani S, Zolfaghari B. Pharmaceutical and nutraceutical effects of Pinus pinaster bark extract. Res Pharm Sci. 2011;6(1):1-11. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22049273.
2.
Pine Bark Extract. Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. https://www.mskcc.org/cancer-care/integrative-medicine/herbs/pine-bark-extract. Accessed April 29, 2019.
3.
Osteoarthritis Symptoms. Arthritis Foundation. https://www.arthritis.org/about-arthritis/types/osteoarthritis/symptoms.php. Accessed April 29, 2019.
4.
Rohdewald P. Review on Sustained Relief of Osteoarthritis Symptoms with a Proprietary Extract from Pine Bark, Pycnogenol. J Med Food. 2018;21(1):1-4. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28836883.
5.
Grether-Beck S, Marini A, Jaenicke T, Krutmann J. French Maritime Pine Bark Extract (Pycnogenol®) Effects on Human Skin: Clinical and Molecular Evidence. Skin Pharmacol Physiol. 2016;29(1):13-17. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26492562.
6.
Lee I, Ko J, Park S, et al. Ameliorative effects of pine bark extract on cisplatin-induced acute kidney injury in rats. Ren Fail. 2017;39(1):363-371. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28178874.
7.
Nakayama S, Kishimoto Y, Saita E, et al. Pine bark extract prevents low-density lipoprotein oxidation and regulates monocytic expression of antioxidant enzymes. Nutr Res. 2015;35(1):56-64. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25458248.
8.
Ko J, Shin N, Park S, et al. Pine bark extract (Pycnogenol®) suppresses cigarette smoke-induced fibrotic response via transforming growth factor-β1/Smad family member 2/3 signaling. Lab Anim Res. 2017;33(2):76-83. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28747971.
9.
Chayasirisobhon S. Use of a pine bark extract and antioxidant vitamin combination product as therapy for migraine in patients refractory to pharmacologic medication. Headache. 2006;46(5):788-793. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16643582.
10.
Poussard S, Pires-Alves A, Diallo R, Dupuy J, Dargelos E. A natural antioxidant pine bark extract, Oligopin®, regulates the stress chaperone HSPB1 in human skeletal muscle cells: a proteomics approach. Phytother Res. 2013;27(10):1529-1535. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23192879.